rss

TIOBE Index for August 2015

August Headline: Java stronger in the lead

Java is now almost 4.5% ahead of the rest of the pack. We have to go back to 2008 to see such a big difference between Java and the number 2 of the TIOBE index. Java version 8 is clearly a success. This is mainly thanks to the functional programming idiom that has been added to this latest version. Java went in decline when Oracle bought Sun Microsystems (and thus Java) in 2010. Several Java gurus left the company, being afraid that this was the end of Java. Indeed, Java was verbose and way behind languages such as C# in terms of expressive features. But the doomsayers appeared to be wrong. The first few years nothing much happened to the language, but the release of Java 8 in 2014 is a big leap forward. It is now possible to write Java programs in a functional and concise way. Surprisingly or may be not, Java is consuming a large part of the market share that Objective-C is losing, while Objective-C's successor Swift was supposed to do this.

The TIOBE Programming Community index is an indicator of the popularity of programming languages. The index is updated once a month. The ratings are based on the number of skilled engineers world-wide, courses and third party vendors. Popular search engines such as Google, Bing, Yahoo!, Wikipedia, Amazon, YouTube and Baidu are used to calculate the ratings. It is important to note that the TIOBE index is not about the best programming language or the language in which most lines of code have been written.

The index can be used to check whether your programming skills are still up to date or to make a strategic decision about what programming language should be adopted when starting to build a new software system. The definition of the TIOBE index can be found here.

Aug 2015 Aug 2014 Change Programming Language Ratings Change
12changeJava19.274%+4.29%
21changeC14.732%-1.67%
34changeC++7.735%+3.04%
46changeC#4.837%+1.43%
57changePython4.066%+0.95%
63changeObjective-C3.195%-6.36%
78changePHP2.729%-0.14%
812changeVisual Basic .NET2.708%+1.40%
910changeJavaScript2.162%-0.01%
109changePerl2.118%-0.10%
1111Visual Basic1.781%-0.23%
1224changeAssembly language1.760%+1.11%
1313Ruby1.416%+0.17%
1418changeDelphi/Object Pascal1.407%+0.49%
1521changeMATLAB1.232%+0.50%
1614changeF#1.232%+0.14%
1723changeSwift1.179%+0.51%
1815changePascal1.138%+0.09%
1920changePL/SQL1.137%+0.35%
2030changeR1.010%+0.49%


Other programming languages

The complete top 50 of programming languages is listed below. This overview is published unofficially, because it could be the case that we missed a language. If you have the impression there is a programming language lacking, please notify us at tpci@tiobe.com. Please also check the overview of all programming languages that we monitor.

PositionProgramming LanguageRatings
21OpenEdge ABL1.005%
22COBOL0.991%
23SAS0.869%
24Fortran0.850%
25ABAP0.811%
26Lisp0.745%
27Dart0.741%
28D0.687%
29Scratch0.643%
30Ada0.629%
31Logo0.598%
32Prolog0.570%
33Scala0.553%
34Lua0.461%
35ActionScript0.455%
36Transact-SQL0.440%
37Groovy0.368%
38Scheme0.323%
39LabVIEW0.314%
40Erlang0.307%
41Haskell0.273%
42RPG (OS/400)0.273%
43(Visual) FoxPro0.260%
44VBScript0.256%
45Awk0.215%
46ML0.201%
47Haxe0.184%
48VHDL0.179%
49Mathematica0.175%
50Ladder Logic0.171%

The Next 50 Programming Languages

The following list of languages denotes #51 to #100. Since the differences are relatively small, the programming languages are only listed (in alphabetical order).


This Month's Changes in the Index

This month the following changes have been made to the definition of the index:


Very Long Term History

To see the bigger picture, please find the positions of the top 10 programming languages of many years back. Please note that these are average positions for a period of 12 months.

Programming Language2015201020052000199519901985
C1211211
Java2123---
C++3432129
Objective-C41142----
C#5599---
PHP63523---
Python7662420--
JavaScript88106---
Visual Basic .NET9------
Perl10744817-
Pascal171428143106
Lisp2616148642
Fortran27241518435
Ada31251716563

Programming Language Hall of Fame

The hall of fame listing all "Programming Language of the Year" award winners is shown below. The award is given to the programming language that has the highest rise in ratings in a year.

YearWinner
2014medal JavaScript
2013medal Transact-SQL
2012medal Objective-C
2011medal Objective-C
2010medal Python
2009medal Go
2008medal C
2007medal Python
2006medal Ruby
2005medal Java
2004medal PHP
2003medal C++


Bugs & Change Requests

This is the top 5 of most requested changes and bugs. If you have any suggestions how to improve the index don't hesitate to send an e-mail to tpci@tiobe.com.

  1. Apart from "<language> programming", also other queries such as "programming with <language>", "<language> development" and "<language> coding" should be tried out.
  2. Add queries for other natural languages (apart from English). The idea is to start with the Chinese search engine Baidu. This has been implemented partially and will be completed the next few months.
  3. Add a list of all search term requests that have been rejected. This is to minimize the number of recurring mails about Rails, JQuery, JSP, etc.
  4. Start a TIOBE index for databases, software configuration management systems and application frameworks.
  5. Some search engines allow to query pages that have been added last year. The TIOBE index should only track those recently added pages.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)